Online Teaching for Class 1939 (Listening) on May 06, 2020

Date: May 6th on Wednesday, 2020 from 8:00 to 9:30 (9:00 – 10:30 in JST)

Course: Japanese Listening 2

Used app: Streaming on DingTalk, Presentation by Powerpoint with 79 slides

Numbers of Students: 27

26 students stayed with me from the start to the end. One student was recorded shorter participation of 78 minutes, probably coming late because this student did not send attendance of “Shusseki”.

Students’ Responses:

– Attendance Check : All the 26 students typed his/her attendance by themselves on BBS.

– Quiz 1 : 25 students answered. This question was to choose the correct usages of particles. 12 students typed the wrong answer that came from over generalization of  “Wa-ga construction”. Damage caused by “Wa-ga construction” is still severe.

– Quiz 2: 23 students answered. Question was about tense for past, present progressive, and non-past. All 23 were right. The purpose of this question is to make students understand the usage of “V-te iru” in the concept of tense-aspect.

– Quiz 3: 25 students answered. The question was to understand the difference between uses of particles “-de” and “-ni”.

– Quiz at the End: 25 students typed their own sentences that includes a subject, “Now”, and “V-te iru”.

Teaching:

1: Re- submission of homework

– Someone edited the original document of the homework on BBS. Because the replaced file contains two errors in it, a students used that one would make at least four errors. Therefore, I postponed the deadline by Friday night.

2: The very basic of Japanese sentence.

– The end of the sentence is the most important part. It needs to be changed properly according to the tense if there is a word about time that works as an adverbial. It is quite often observed that even when a word like “yesterday” is being used, students’ sentence is left as present tense at the end of the sentence. The relation between time adverbials and the sentence endings was taught.

3: Differences between intransitive verb sentences and transitive verb sentences

– “-ga” is used in an intransitive verb sentence, but it is not always. It is not the function of “-ga”. The most important function of “-ga” is to be a marker of the subject.

4: “V-te iru”

– Four types were explained about “V-te iru”. Only the usage as present progressive was the target of the textbook for now.

5: Particle “-de”

– Five uses of the particle “-de” were introduced; the place of action, tool/way, transportation, language, and materials to make something.

6: Listening materials from the textbook

 

Homework Assignment:

– Those who used the replace document for homework on April 30 were recommended checking and submitting the homework again.

– The new homework was given. That was to understand how to make Te-form of verbs.

Issues and Problems:

There were a lot. Probably too much. I mean the volume of what to teach in 90 minutes class. Even the most excellent student would not be able to fully understand today’s class.

Online Teaching for Class 1939 (Listening) on Apr.29, 2020

Date: April 29th on Wednesday, 2020 from 8:00 to 9:30 (9:00 – 10:30 in JST)

Course: Japanese Listening 2

Used app: Streaming on DingTalk, Presentation by Powerpoint with 69 slides

Numbers of Students: 27

26 students stayed with me from the start to the end. One student was recorded shorter participation of 71 minutes.

Students’ Responses:

– Attendance Check : All the 27 students typed his/her attendance by themselves on BBS

– Quiz 1 : 25 students answered. This question was to choose the correct usages of two particles; “-ni” for status/position after the change, and “-o” for a location you are departing from.

– Quiz 2: 24 students answered. Question was to choose the right combination about sentence endings for Noun-, Na-adjective, and I-adjective predicated sentences in past tense.

– Quiz 3: 24 students answered. The question was to distinguish an intransitive verb sentence and a transitive verb sentence.

– Quiz at the End: 25 students typed their own sentences in which an adjective conjugated to modify a verb as an adverbial. The verb must be an intransitive verb, not a transitive verb.

Teaching:

1: Review of a short test about particles

– many students have not got used to how to use “-ni”.

– There seemed to be a severe misunderstandings about “Wa-ga construction”. “Wa-ga construction” must be in the form of [The whole]wa [a part]ga [exists]. It never be [a part]wa [the whole]ga [exists].

2: Review on the last lesson

– How to make I- and Na- adjectives adverbials to modifies a verb.

– Difference between the intransitive verb for change “-naru” and the transitive verb “-suru”.

3: Listening activities using the textbook

Homework Assignment:

– On the following day on April 30, two homeworks were assigned to the students through the BBS on Dingtalk. (1) Test with 100 questions and (2) Listening and dictation.

Issues and Problems:

Some students showed that their understandings were still not good in the following points:

– couldn’t tell the difference between intransitive verbs and transitive verbs

– didn’t know that particle “-o” is usually used for transitive verb sentence

– didn’t know that an adjective must conjugate to be an adverbial

– couldn’t tell the difference between I-adjectives and Na-adjectives

– didn’t operate different conjugations for I-adjective and Na-adjective

These were exhibited when they made their own sentences at the end of the class.

Online Teaching for Class 1836 (Composition) on Apr.28, 2020

Date: April 28th on Tuesday, 2020 from 15:30 to 17:00 (16:30 – 18:00 in JST)

Course: Japanese Basic Composition 2

Used app: Streaming on DingTalk, Presentation by Powerpoint with 65 slides

Numbers of Students: 28

24 students participated for whole 90 minutes.

4 students were recorded for their short attendances: 84, 83, 82, 74 minutes

Responses to my requests like Quiz answers onto BBS:

– Attendance check by reporting his/her-selves: 28.

– 1st Quiz: 24 students responded. This was to ask whether or not the students know the old story about how the word for proofreading and revising a document “Suikou came from. Actually the question was asked not that if he/she knows it but that if a student have been taught this story in the school. All of them answered they learned the story in school.

– 2nd Quiz: 24 students responded. This question was the same as asked in the class 1939  just two days before. The question was about “Wa-ga conflict”. 24 students of 1st grade answered 18 wrong and 6 right answers. In this class, all of second grade students answered right one although it was likely some of them were just referring to answers already written on the BBS.

– 3rd Quiz; 24 students responded. This was a quiz but its purpose is to make the students understand the importance of detailed and concrete explanation. The question asked how much detailed explanation was needed until a student got the concept of “Sasa-dango” which is Niigata’s specialty. All the students answered that they figured out what it was like by the D that is shown in Figure 1 below.

– Attendance check at the end : 26 students responded.The students were asked to submit 5 answers that were asked during the class. The five quiz were given separately from three “Are-You-with-Me Quiz” above. Although I asked to sent it immediately after the class, 2 students sent to me 1 day or 2 days late. For those student, the half of the score was added to their gradings.

Teaching:

1st half:

– Review of the short test about particles.

– Feedback about the second drafts of compositions “How to Use ‘-ga’ and ‘-o'”. I corrected students’ misunderstanding that ‘-ga’ is to be used in an intransitive verb predicate sentences. It is likely that ‘-ga’ is used in sentences of intransitive verb, but it is not always as shown in Figure2.

2nd half

– From the textbook; it was a little detailed word to word cautions.

– Explanations for the homework assignment.

Homework:

1: Write a short essay for student’s expression about an article.

2: Read part of a book about job seeking.

Issues and Problems:

<No time to write them right now>

 

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Figure 1. How far an Explanation must be Done for Readers’ Understanding

 

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Figure 2. Use of Particle “-ga” in Two-Segment Sentences

Online Teaching for Class 1939 (Listening) on Apr.27, 2020

Date: April 27th on Monday, 2020 from 9:50 to 11:20 (10:50 – 12:20 in JST)

Course: Japanese Listening 2

Used app: Streaming on DingTalk, Presentation by Powerpoint with 69 slides

Numbers of Students: 27

25 students stayed with me from the start to the end. Two students were recorded their shorter participation  with 87 and 84 minutes.

Students’ Responses:

– Attendance Check : All the 27 students typed his/her attendance by themselves on BBS

– Quiz 1 : 25 students answered. This question was to choose the correct endings for each noun, Na-adjective, I-adjective, and verb predicate sentences for present-assertive.

– Quiz 2: All the 27 answered. Question was about a negative sentence of I-adjective predicate with “tasty (Oishii)”. It was an easy question but an important one in order to avoid confusion with negative sentences of Na-adjective predicate.

– Quiz 3: 22 students answered. The question was to ask about conjugations of auxiliary verb “-youda” with pointing out a similarity with Na-adjectives. It is still too early for the first grade students to learn the auxiliary verbs. So my purpose was not there. I wanted the students to know that Da turns to be Na for modifying a noun, and Da turns to be Ni for modifying a verb.

– Quiz at the End: 24 students typed their own sentences in which an adjective conjugated to modify a verb as an adverbial.

Teaching:

1: Review of sentences of comparison

– “Noun1” is more “Adjective” than “Noun2”

– Question: Which of the “Noun1” and “Noun2” is more “Adjective”?

– Answer: Noun is more Adjective.

2: Introduction of Adjectives’ conjugations to modify a verb

– I- and Na- adjectives modifies a verb “-suru” that is a transitive verb like “do” in English.

Homework Assignment:

– No Homework.

Issues and Problems:

Two things happen simultaneously in the section 17 of the textbook. One is adjectives’ conjugations to modify a verb as an adverbial. The second thing is that an attention needs to be paid the difference between the intransitive verb “Naru” and the transitive verb “Suru”. It seems that some students couldn’t get these basic concepts of Japanese grammar.

Online Teaching for Class 1837 (Conversation) on Apr.27, 2020

Date: April 27th on Monday, 2020 from 8:00 to 9:30 (9:00 – 10:30 in JST)

Course: Japanese Conversation 4

Used app: Streaming on DingTalk, Presentation by Powerpoint with 60 slides

Numbers of Students: 22 out of 28, Number of completely absent was 6

Fully attendant for 90min : 17

Shorter signing-in: 79*2, 67, 59 minutes, and the shortest was 19 seconds.

Responses onto the BBS:

– Attendance check by a student his/herself: 25. Of these, three students were recorded as completely absent by the system.

– 1st Quiz: 15 students responded. The quiz was to measure students’ understanding about the listenin material.

– 2nd Quiz:17 students responded. The question was to choose the correct use of the conditional conjunctive particle “-tara” and “-to”. When the students started typing their answers, they were referring to what the first and second students had typed on BBS. Actually those answers “B” were not correct. When about half students typed their erroneous answer “B”, then one student typed the correct answer “A”. Then the last half students typed “A”. It was a simple thing. Most of them didn’t think of answers by themselves. But I thought the student who typed “A” first thought of her answer herself. So I sent a message to praise her courage after the class.

– Attendance check at the end: 21 students responded. It is my fault that I left yesterday’s the-last-quiz unchanged because I have not enough time to check whole through my lengthy power-point slides. However, this quiz was also important to check participation of the students to online class, therefore I asked the students to type their answers.

Teaching: 

– Listening to a conversation between two part time job workers.

– Review and exercise of a little formal negation “-zuni”.

– Exercise of “-ba” and “-nara”

– Listening comprehension of conversation using “-ba” and “-nara”.

– Introduction of a conditional conjunctive particle “-to”.

Homework Assignment:

Since there would be 10 days by the next class, more homework was assigned than usual.

-1 : Small test of the section 13 of the textbook.

-2 : Completing three conversation scripts by filling words.

-3 : Listening and reading aloud the script of two part time job workers.

Issues and Problems:

I had two classes in the day. I didn’t have enough time to prepare for this class, although I started at 3 a.m. and worked by the start of the class at 9 a.m. (in Japan standard time). In order to fill the less teaching material of powerpoint slides, I inserted a listening material from Min’nano Nihongo. That was a conversation in the section 35, which uses the conditional conjunctive particles “-ba” and “-nara”. It, somehow, worked. If I were a seasoned teacher, I would have had enough teaching material that can kill the time. But  I am not. Until I have had enough stock of teaching material, my hard working style through the night will continue.

Online Teaching for Class 1939 (Listening) on Apr.26, 2020

Date: April 26th on Sunday, 2020 from 9:50 to 11:20 (10:50 – 12:20 in JST)

Course: Japanese Listening 2

Used app: Streaming on DingTalk, Presentation by Powerpoint with 54 slides

Numbers of Students: 27

26 students stayed with me from the start to the end. One student is recorded his?her shorter attendance of 79 minutes.

Students’ Responses:

– Attendance Check : All the 27 students typed his/her attendance by themselves on BBS

– Quiz 1 : 23 students answered. This question was to ask if “Adj1 to Adj2” is right or not. This is not right. Two nouns can be stated in the form of ‘N1 to N2’, but two adjectives cannot be stated as ‘Adj1 to Adj2’.

– Quiz 2: 24  answered. Question was about “Wa-ga conflict”. Japanese learner is always confused by selection of particles, “-wa” or “-ga”. In this question, the sentence (1) uses “-ga” and the sentence (2) uses “-wa” as shown in Figure 1 below. 6 students got the right answer A, 18 got the wrong answer B. It seems still difficult to learn that “-ga” is exclusively picking up a word, while “-wa” is for stating a nature of the word that had already been recognized by both speaker and listener.

– Quiz at the End: 23 students typed a sentence that meant “[Noun1] is more [Adjective] than [Noun2]” (of course in Japanese).

Teaching:

1: Review of Grammatical Topics of the first half of Section 16 of the Textbook

– “-no” that makes an adjective a kind of noun

– Conjunctive particle “-kara” for stating a reason.

–  Introduction of sentences to say capability

– “-noda/nda” for explaining and/or revealing

– Auxiliary verb “-tai” to express one’s wish

– “-to” that is putting between the thoughts and a verb for thinking

2:  Sentences for comparison

3: Redo of listening activities of the last class and Today’s new ones.

Homework Assignment:

– Homework was not assigned during the class because I didn’t have time before the coming holidays. It was noticed to the students that I would give them homework in the following day, 27th (But I couldn’t).

Issues and Problems:

This is a listening course. I play the listening materials of the textbook, make the students think of answers, and then show them the answers. However, I am suspicious about the effectiveness of this teaching style for learning Japanese. It seems like the students’ understanding is not good as I expected. One way to improve the effectiveness would be to make the students make their own Japanese sentences as utterance. I am looking for a better way to do this. As part of this, I ask the students to make his/her own sentence at the end of the class. It seems like to help me find a misunderstanding of a particular student.

 

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Figure.1 The Reasons for Use of “-ga” and “-wa” (Particularly for this Case)

Online Teaching for Class 1837 (Conversation) on Apr.26, 2020

Date: April 26th on Sunday, 2020 from 8:00 to 9:30 (9:00 – 10:30 in JST)

Course: Japanese Conversation 4

Used app: Streaming on DingTalk, Presentation by Powerpoint with 55 slides

Numbers of Students: 24 out of 28

Fully attendant for 90min : 17,    Completely Absent : 4,

Shorter signing-in: 87, 86, 69, 15, 12*2 minutes, and the shortest was 49 seconds.

Responses onto the BBS:

– Attendance check by a student his/herself: 25. One of these students was actually recorded as completely absent.

– 1st Quiz: 17 students responded. The quiz was just to measure whether or not the students understood the listening material.

– 2nd Quiz:19 students responded. The question was to find an erroneous use of conditional conjunctive particle “-nara” from four sentences. “-Nara” cannot be used in a conditional clause if the condition is 100% sure.

– 3rd Quiz: 19 students responded. The question was to select “If” type conditional conjunctive particle that is applicable in a sentence.

– Attendance check at the end: 21 students responded. It is to ask suitabilities of “-nai” or “-zu” for negations to speech or writing.

Teaching: 

– Listening to a conversation between two part time job workers.

– Review and exercise of conditional conjunctive particle “-ba,” and “-nara”. The emphasis was put on the latter, “-nara” with the following three features; (1) Suggestion can be made in the form of “Noun+nara, (clause)”. (2) In the construction of (Preceding conditional clause with “-nara”, conclusion clause), the conclusion clause has modality that expresses speaker’s feeling like intention, guess, request, and so on. (3) If the conditional clause is definitely certain, “-nara” cannot be used.

– Exercise of “-ba” and “-nara”

– Introduction of expression for negation using “-zu-ni” that is a little formal

Homework Assignment:

Any homework was assigned in this time, too. It was noticed to the students that homework during the holidays would be assigned the following day, 27th.

Issues and Problems:

This is a conversation class. So students’ utterances should be promoted. By far I have just tried teaching listening comprehension and making the students do a kind of  rote exercise. In order to prompt the students’ utterance, I decided to give the students a homework in which he/she need to fill his/her own words into many blanks put in the conversation script.